That Blue Square Thing

GCSE Question - Tourism in LICs

WARNING! These pages are now very old. Although I’ve updated the a little, the content really applies to an old version of any geography syllabus currently active in the UK.
I've kept them here because there might be something useful for someone and the general marking principles aren't all that different. But be aware that it's old and a bit out of date

Tourism can have a big impact in Lower Income Countries. This can be positive as well as negative. It's, as always in geography, a case of balancing and managing successfully.

PDF IconLIC Tourism Revision Sheet

Note: we used to call LICs LEDCs (Less Economically Developed Countries). These resources are so old then still use that term sometimes.

This resource sheet might be helpful as well.

PDF IconWhen the tourists flew in - a resource I used to use that's still quite interesting

Tourism in LICs exam question

This is a 20 mark exam-style question. The marks start small and build towards case study questions at the end - just like the real thing.

You want to aim to take around 25 minutes to do this question. Make sure your answers to the simple questions are accurate and that you develop the longer answers to explain points properly - don't leave things vague. Remember that 2 or 3 well developed points are better than 10 simple points. As always, try and use case studies to back up your answers.

A markscheme is provided.

recife mapFigure 1 shows information about an area of Brazil in which a large-scale tourist development is planned

There is much to see and do in the state of Bahia. With beautiful beaches and an average temperature of 27ºC it is an ideal place for a relaxing holiday.

a) Describe the location of Recife
(2 marks)
b) The number of tourists from Europe and North America who visit Brazil has increased in recent years. Suggest reasons why this increase might have occurred
(4 marks)
c) Explain what the term "Ecotourism" means
(2 marks)

Figure 2 shows part of the area in which a large-scale tourist development is planned.

Bahia beach image
Photo by OLD SKOOL Cora, reproduced under Creative Commons licencewiki link from her Flickr photostreamwiki link
d) Annotate figure 2 to explain some of the possible impacts a large-scale tourist development might have on the natural environment in the area shown in figure 2
(6 marks)
e) Using examples you have studied, explain how tourist developments may help poorer countries to develop
(6 marks)

Mark your work using the markscheme provided.