# That Blue Square Thing - Geography Revision

## Unit 1 Question - Population Change

WARNING! These pages are now very old. They were last updated in 2008 and the content applies to an old version of any geography syllabus currently active in the UK.
I've kept them here because there might be something useful for someone and the general marking principles aren't all that different. But be aware that it's old and out of date (the stuff on the Google Earth page in particular may not work at all)

This is a 20 mark exam-style question. The marks start small and build towards case study questions at the end - just like the real thing.

You want to aim to take around 25 minutes to do this question. Make sure your answers to the simple questions are accurate and that you develop the longer answers to explain points properly - don't leave things vague. Remember that 2 or 3 well developed points are better than 10 simple points. As always, try and use case studies to back up your answers.

Print the page and have a go at the questions on paper. Then mark your work yourself using the markscheme provided.

Study figure 1, a table showing data about the populations of six countries from around the world.

 Country Birth Rate/1000 Death Rate/1000 Natural Increase Life Expectancy Niger 56 22 +34 43 Bangladesh 27 8 +19 61 Brazil 21 7 +14 71 Egypt 26 6 70 United Kingdom 12 10 78 Italy 9 10 -1 80

a) Which country has the lowest life expectancy?
(1 mark)
b) Complete the Natural Increase boxes for Egypt and the United Kingdom.
(2 marks)
c) Italy has a Natural Increase of -1. What does this mean is happening to the population of Italy?
(1 mark)
d) Suggest three problems that population growth may cause for an LEDC such as India.
(3 marks)
e) Choose two of the policies shown below:
• Education for women;
• Free contraception;
• Improved primary health care;
• Equal rights for women.
For each policy you have chosen, suggest how it may help to slow the population growth rate.
(4 marks)
f) In many MEDCs a large percentage of the population is over 60 years of age. Describe the problems this may cause.
(3 marks)
g) Suggest what governments and NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations) in MEDCs can do to solve these problems.
(6 marks)

Mark your work yourself using the markscheme provided.