That Blue Square Thing

GCSE Markscheme - Rural-Urban Fringe

WARNING! These pages are now very old. Although I’ve updated the a little, the content really applies to an old version of any geography syllabus currently active in the UK.
I've kept them here because there might be something useful for someone and the general marking principles aren't all that different. But be aware that it's old and a bit out of date

> Go back to the question

Use this markscheme to check your own answers. If you're unsure then ask a teacher to give you a hand. With practice you should be able to mark your own work.

You might find it useful to look at the Standard GCSE Markscheme.

This explains a little more about level marked questions and gives an example. As examiners we're always interested to see useful case studies used in longer answers - this will often gain marks because it helps to explain the points you're making.

a) How many new houses is the government planning to build by 2040?

4.4 million - you must have the million (or m)

b) Suggest two reasons why it is thought so many new houses will be needed by 2040.

All you need to do here is write two reasons down. Ideas might include people living longer, more people living alone, later marriage, higher divorce rate.

Try and avoid talking about migration - this isn't really a factor in pushing up the demand for new housing.

c) Which term best describes where the new housing will be built?

Rural-urban fringe - this is the area where the city meets the countryside

d) What is the purpose of 'greenbelt land'?

Any two reasons (or one developed point) from: to stop towns merging together; to protect habitats in the countryside; to stop towns growing too big (to reduce urban sprawl); to provide land for recreation and/or leisure use on the edge of cities

e) Describe some of the advantages to developers of building new housing on 'greenbelt land'?

Level 1: simple points only (e.g. easier; cheaper to build; cheaper land; people like living there etc...)

Level 2: developed points - e.g. "It is cheaper to build on because nothing needs to be cleared from the site. This makes it cheaper to start building in the first place"

f) Up to 10,000 new houses could be built near Stevenage. Describe how people living in this area could be effected by this development.

Level 1: simple points - e.g. more traffic; more pollution; noise; more shops etc...

Level 2: developed points e.g. "Because there are more people living in the area local businesses and services will have more customers and so will stay open. For example, more buses might be able to run to the area. People living there will then be able to use the buses"

Note: effects can be good as well as bad.

g) Some groups are opposed to new developments on greenbelt land. Name a pressure group you have studied which opposes development on greenbelt land. Explain why they are opposed to this sort of development.

You could use groups such as Friends of the Earth or the Council for the Protection of Rural England (CPRE). Or a local pressure group or residents association

Level 1: simple points - e.g. "habitats destroyed"

Level 2: some development of points - e.g. "new building destroys woods which might destroy animals habitats"

Level 3: good development, usually with some use of case studies - e.g. "new building beside the A12 at Saxmundham has destroyed some woodland. This might have destroyed habitats for animals such as badgers and foxes which would be forced to leave the area and live somewhere else"

You could use environmental points like this as well as points which affect people - traffic congestion, noise pollution etc... Try and avoid very general points like "global warming" - that's far too vague. You want to aim local and precise and, preferably, show the examiner that you know where you're talking about.