That Blue Square Thing

GCSE Markscheme - Tourism and Landforms

WARNING! These pages are now very old. Although I’ve updated the a little, the content really applies to an old version of any geography syllabus currently active in the UK.
I've kept them here because there might be something useful for someone and the general marking principles aren't all that different. But be aware that it's old and a bit out of date

> Go back to the question

Use this markscheme to check your own answers. If you're unsure then ask a teacher to give you a hand. With practice you should be able to mark your own work.

You might find it useful to look at the Standard GCSE Markscheme.

This explains a little more about level marked questions and gives an example. As examiners we're always interested to see useful case studies used in longer answers - this will often gain marks because it helps to explain the points you're making.

a) Suggest why people might be attracted to this area.

Level 1: will use simple ideas (hills, lakes, skiing, to walk etc...)

Level 2: is reached by linking the landscape with activities people will do: "walking on the steep hills" for example.

It's worth thinking about different groups of people - older people may like to birdwatch in woods; young families may want to walk along valleys; active teenagers may prefer to climb on cliffs etc...

b) Give the meaning of the term honeypot site.

Small sites (1 mark) which attract lots of people (2nd mark) for a range of reasons. You don't need to give an example here but it might help get the second mark if your answer is a bit vague.

c) Why has the number of visitors to National Parks in the United Kingdom increased in the last 50 years?

Level 1: Simple points not well explained - more cars, increased leisure time, more money etc...

Level 2: Devlopment of points - e.g. "advertising means people know more about these areas so they are more likely to visit them"

Be careful about points like "beautiful landscape" or "hills to climb". Both of these have always been there - the question asks you for reasons why the numbers of people have increased not why people like to visit them (that's question a!).

d) Describe how the growth of tourism can affect employment in an area.

Level 1: Simple points about it going up, perhaps with simple examples;

Level 2: Development of points. Likely to explain that jobs are created leading to more money in the area which creates even more jobs - the multiplier effect. Examples will probably be given here - hotels, shops, national park wardens etc...

e) Weathering, erosion, transportation and deposition are important processes in the formation of landscapes. Explain the formation of one physical feature in a landscape you have studied. You may use a diagram to help you.

First thing: it says you may use a diagram yes? That means use a diagram - you can actually get all the marks here with a well annotated diagram!

Level 1: Simple points - e.g the sea or ice eroding materials, wearing it away etc... Some idea of the shape of the landform possibly with an unlabelled diagram.

Level 2: More detail with a clear idea of how the landform is created - obvious understanding, perhaps of different processes.

Level 3: Clear understanding of technical processes such as hydraulic pressure, corrasion or corrosion - using the technical terms and clearly understanding how they create the landform e.g. "corrosion causes acids in sea water to dissolve less resistant rocks, particualrly limestone. This creates a crack which can then be widened..."

Cave, Arch, Stack, Stump is a good choice here. For deposition landforms practice using a spit case study (such as Hurst Castle Spit). You also need to make sure that in an emergency you could answer this question about glaciated features. The Google Earth bookmarks file on Glaciers is a useful revision tool for this.